European Central Bank (ECB)


Press Releases - ECB releases on policy changes and meetings. Sorted by date and activity. Includes Weekly Financial Statements and Monthly Statistical Releases. (Updated periodically)

Governing Council Decisions - "The Governing Council, the main decision-making body of the ECB, usually meets every two weeks. Every six weeks, it takes its monetary policy decision, i.e. setting the key interest rates for the euro area. At the other meetings, the Governing Council takes decisions related to other tasks, such as payment systems, financial stability, statistics, banknotes, legal affairs, and banking supervision." (Updated bi-weekly)

Press Conferences - ECB materials on press conferences held by various ECB officials. (Updated periodically)

Speeches and Interviews - ECB materials on speeches and interviews from various ECB officials. (Updated periodically)

Monetary Policy Accounts - Review of ECB monetary policy meetings surrounding decisions such as interest rate benchmarking. Information includes analysis used to shape monetary policy decisions and observations. (Updated every six weeks)

Explainers - "Are you seeking information on specific issues related to the ECB’s tasks and activities? Take a look at our short explainers (tell me), multimedia resources (show me) and more detailed articles (tell me more) to learn more about what we do." (Updated periodically)

Research & Publications

Economic Research - "The goal of economic research at the ECB is to provide a strong conceptual and empirical basis for policy-making and to better communicate policy to the markets and the public." The ECB economic research includes a monthly publication on current monetary discussions called the Research Bulletin. (Updated periodically)

Working Papers - "Our Working Paper Series (WPS) disseminates economic research relevant to the various tasks and functions of the ECB, and provides a conceptual and empirical basis for policy-making. The Working Papers constitute “work in progress”. They are published to stimulate discussion and contribute to the advancement of our knowledge of economic matters. They are addressed to experts, so readers should be knowledgeable in economics." (Updated periodically)

Discussion Papers - "Discussion papers differ from standard working papers in that they are more broadly accessible and offer a more balanced perspective. While partly based on original research, they place the analysis in the wider context of the literature on the topic and also explicitly consider the policy perspective." (Updated periodically)

Occasional Papers - "Our Occasional Paper Series (OPS) disseminates work carried out by, as a rule, ECB staff on subjects that relate to the main tasks and functions of the ECB and the ESCB. Occasional Papers (OPs) are addressed to a wide audience, including other policy-makers, financial analysts, academics, the media and the interested general public. Understanding the papers will normally require some prior knowledge of the topic." (Updated periodically)

Legal Working Papers -  "Our Legal Working Paper Series (LWPS) disseminates legal research and doctrine on issues relevant to the tasks and functions of the ECB and the ESCB. Legal Working Papers (LWPs) constitute “work in progress”. They are published to stimulate discussion and contribute to the development of community, monetary and financial law. They are addressed to experts, so readers should be knowledgeable in the legal field." (Updated periodically)

Statistics Papers - "The Statistics Paper Series (SPS) is a channel for statisticians, economists and other professionals to publish innovative work undertaken in the area of statistics and related methodologies that is of interest to central banks. The SPS covers both methodological and conceptual issues related to central banking statistics, new statistical topics and techniques. The Statistics Paper Series is published to stimulate discussion and to contribute to informing the international statistics community about work on improving methodological standards, with the goal of ultimately attaining more comparable and higher-quality statistics from all economic areas and countries."

Economic Bulletin - "The Economic Bulletin presents the economic and monetary information which forms the basis for the Governing Council's policy decisions. It is released eight times a year, two weeks after each monetary policy meeting. The Bulletins in March, June, September and December provide comprehensive analysis of economic and monetary developments including an integrated discussion of the staff macroeconomic projections on inflation, growth, public finances, and external trade." (Updated twice a quarter)

Annual Report - "The Annual Report describes the tasks and activities of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB) and reports on the Eurosystem’s monetary policy. It is usually published in April of the following year and is presented by one of the ECB’s Executive Board members to the European Parliament at a public hearing. The Annual Report includes the Annual Accounts of the ECB. These are also published as a separate document several weeks before the Annual Report." (Updated annually)

Convergence Report - "A Convergence Report is published at least once every two years or at the request of an EU Member State which would like to join the euro area. Both the ECB and the European Commission issue these reports describing the progress made by non-euro area Member States towards achieving the criteria necessary for a country to adopt the euro."

Financial Stability Review - "The Financial Stability Review provides an overview of potential risks to financial stability in the euro area. It aims to promote awareness in the financial industry and among the public of euro area financial stability issues." (Updated twice a year)

Macroprudential Bulletin - "The aim of the ECB Macroprudential Bulletin is to raise awareness of macroprudential policy issues in the euro area by bringing greater transparency to the ECB's ongoing work and thinking in this field. The current edition of this biannual publication looks at analytical work and regulatory issues relating to macroprudential policy." (Updated twice a year)

Macroeconomic Projections - "Macroeconomic projections aim to predict and understand the future state of the economy on a broad scale. They include information related to economic growth, inflation, wages, unemployment and trade. Eurosystem and ECB staff produce macroeconomic projections that cover the outlook for the euro area and the wider global economy. These contribute to the ECB Governing Council’s assessment of economic developments and risks to price stability." (Updated quarterly)

Survey of Monetary Analysts - "The ECB Survey of Monetary Analysts (SMA) collects information on market participants’ expectations about the future evolution of key monetary policy parameters, financial market variables, and the economy. It is formulated by ECB staff; members of the ECB’s decision-making bodies are not involved in the preparation of the survey’s questions." (Updated twice a quarter)

Survey of Professional Forecasters - "The ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) collects information on the expected rates of inflation, real GDP growth and unemployment in the euro area at several horizons, ranging from the current year to the longer term. Expectations are reported not only as point forecasts, but also as probability distributions, providing a quantitative assessment of risk and uncertainty." (Updated quaterly)

Euro Area Bank Lending Survey - "The euro area bank lending survey (BLS) provides information on bank lending conditions in the euro area. It supplements existing statistics with information on the supply of and demand for loans to enterprises and households. The BLS provides input to the assessment of monetary and economic developments carried out by the ECB Governing Council in the process of making its monetary policy decisions." (Updated quarterly)

Survey on the Access to Finance of Enterprises - "The survey on the access to finance of enterprises (SAFE) provides information on the latest developments in the financial situation of enterprises, and documents trends in the need for and availability of external financing. The survey results are broken down by firm size, branch of economic activity, country, firm age, financial autonomy and ownership." (Updated twice a year)

Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS) - "The HFCS collects information on the assets, liabilities, income and consumption of households. The dataset provides insights into their economic behaviour and financial situation – highly relevant factors in terms of monetary policy and financial stability. The survey is based on 84,000 interviews conducted in 18 euro area countries, as well as Poland and Hungary, mainly in 2013 and 2014. The first wave of the HFCS was conducted mainly in 2010 and was published in 2013." (Updated periodically)

Survey on Credit Terms and Conditions in Euro-denominated Securities Financing and Over-the-counter Derivatives Markets (SESFOD) - "SESFOD is a qualitative survey that was launched in 2013 and is conducted four times a year. It is part of an international initiative to collect information on trends in the credit terms offered by firms in the wholesale markets, and insights into the main drivers of these trends. The information collected is valuable for financial stability, market functioning and monetary policy objectives." (Updated periodically)


Statistical Data Warehouse - "It is intended for a wide range of users of euro area statistics, ranging from one-time visitors searching for a specific most recent statistic or a single data series to more frequent users such as market participants, journalists, analysts and researchers. It features robust and simple-to-use interfaces that allow users to quickly find, display, chart and download euro area data, including in some cases national breakdowns."

ECB/Eurosystem Policy and Exchange Rates - "These statistics relate to the core tasks of the ECB, such as providing liquidity to the banking system, steering interest rates in the euro area and issuing euro banknotes. You will also find the balance sheet of the ECB and the Eurosystem, as well as the reference exchange rates of the euro vis-à-vis the major currencies."
          Official Interest Rates
          Eurosystem Balance Sheet

Money Credit and Banking - "These statistics comprise information from the balance sheets of credit institutions, money market funds, euro area national central banks and the ECB, which together make up the monetary financial institutions (MFI) sector."
          Monetary Aggregates
          Electronic Money

Financial Corporations - "The statistics in this section focus on balance sheets of financial corporations other than monetary financial institutions, which are presented under Money, credit and banking."
          Insurance Corporations
          Pension Funds

Financial Markets and Interest Rates - "These statistics on financial markets and interest rates reflect how prices, yields and volumes of financial instruments, as well as expectations about their future developments, vary over time."
          Interest Rates
          Securities Issues
          Euro Area Yield Curves
          Euro Money Market
          Indicators of Financial Integration in the Euro Area (Updated biannually)

Balance of Payments and Other External Statistics - "These statistics provide a wide range of information and data on the monthly and quarterly balance of payments (b.o.p.) and quarterly international investment position (i.i.p.) of the euro area. The data are broken down by type of investment, resident sector, type of instrument and country of residency of the counterpart."
          International Reserves
          External Debt Statistics
          External Trade in Goods

Macroeconomic and Sectoral Statistics - "Macroeconomic and sectoral statistics include a wide range of key statistics for the economy as a whole and for individual sectors, as well as the relationships between them. They are the backbone for economic and financial stability analysis and monitoring the effects of the ECB’s monetary policy on the euro area economy. These statistics are available for the euro area and, in most cases, all EU countries using comparable statistical methods."
          Sector Accounts
          GDP, Output, and Demand
          Government Finance
          Other Prices and Costs
          Labour Market Indicators
Payment Statistics - "Payment statistics provide information on the number and value of payment transactions for each type of payment instrument and service in Europe. They can be used to identify trends in payments and are essential in helping ECB policymakers make well-informed decisions."

Supervisory and Prudential Statistics - "These statistics include information on banks directly supervised by ECB Banking Supervision that are designated as significant institutions and report under the common reporting (COREP) and financial reporting (FINREP) frameworks at the highest level of consolidation."
          Banking Supervision
          Consolidated Banking Data


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